We are living in Cancun and have seen many times the blue-green algae polluting open waterways and lakes. It is a nasty combo mix of aerobic bacterias eating organic sluge, consuming O2 and creating CO2 which causes the poisonous blue-green algae's blooms. The algae consumes all CO2 in the water, raising the PH to dangerous levels for all aquatic life and, injury to insult, start releasing toxins. More organic matter collects at the floor and once all oxygen is consumed by the aerobic bacterias, anaerobic bacteria take over and produce the smelly gases, sulfur and methane.
Doing nothing is not an option but unfortunately most conventional forms of treatment fall well short of providing sustainable restoration. The principle of remediation however is straightforward – make lakes and ponds breathe again by boosting the dissolved oxygen in the water, especially in the lower levels. This in turn boosts a lake or ponds capacity to process nutrients again thereby abating the flourishment of weeds and algae.
Before and after using nano-bubbles
Does your company pay never-ending bills for water treatment chemicals? Is the result of the treatment a turbid, greenish and poisoned lake without fish?
Solution: Nanobubble aeration is a biological safe solution poised to transform the entire freshwater management industry. H2mex offers hydroAir, a very advanced aeration system, which mineralizes and deactivates the present nutrients in the water column from top to bottom. This in turn eliminates the generation of CO2, the blue-green algae's food source.
Using hydrogen as feed gas will advance the health in the underwater flora and fauna even further by adding resilience and strength.
Nano bubbles stay suspended in solution because they do not rise to the surface. By staying suspended, they act as a type of oxygen battery in the water, diffusing more oxygen when the oxygen level of the water decreases.
I teamed up with Moleaer, the leading manufacturer of industrial nano bubble generators to offer this exciting solutions for lake restoration, hydroponics and shrimp farm yield increases, oil and gas industry and waste water treatment.
The 200 gpm Optimus is good for water volumes up to 50,000 m3 The latest generation has all elements integrated in one unit.
All models can be feed with air, double oxygen enriched air, oxygen, ozone, chlorine, hydrogen, nitrogen, you name it. Any gas can be dissolved in any liquid with Moleaer.
To make super saturated oxygenated water in huge quantities, Moleaer uses specialized high pressure systems to dissolve the gases directly into the water. A 2 million gallon pond can be aerated at the bottom of the lake to a DO level of 5.1 mg/L. The long term stability of the non-raising infused air with the water will reverse any "dead" lake into a highly effective living bio-environment in a couple of months. Standard oxygen transfer efficiency is bigger than 90%. Bubbles are approximately 100nm in size.
An advanced and highly effective water treatment technology.
Zero chemicals. A biological safe and sustainable solution.
A 220/480 V electrical connection.
Lake restoration: Apart from removing all costs for chemicals, hydroAir is extremely bio-friendly. We can inject additional hydrogen to raise the pesticide and heat resistance of all habitants in the water. Having a living and breathing lake with good water, there will be no need for expensive processing of irrigation water. The pond’s water clarity improved from 0.46 m to 1.52 m and foul odors were eliminated in one month.
Wastewater treatment: Although ordinary air can only exist in water for a very short time, it can be retained for several months when supplied in the form of nanobubbles. Because the process produces large quantities of free radicals using very little energy, for example, when this technology is applied to wastewater treatment of the organic effluents discharged from a food processing plant, virtually all organic components can be decomposed efficiently into water and CO2. No downtime to install. A 5-HP unit which operates only 8 hours a day has been able to increase DO levels in the digestion tanks up to 8-times the normal range. Inﬂuent BOD5 was reduced by 89.6% and TSS was reduced by 99.65%. Energy usage dropped from 275 kw per day to 91 kw.
Horticulture: Nano bubbles have been proven to signifcantly increase plant growth, improve size uniformity, reduce stress and prevent root disease under the most extreme conditions. It delivers billions of nanobubbles with 200-times the inter-facial surface area when compared to micro bubbles, making them far superior in transporting valuable oxygen to a plant’s root system. In addition, the surface of the nanobubbles is negatively charged, attracting nutrient salts and enhancing nutrient uptake. Nanobubbles also increase the mobility of water molecules, potentially improving plant transpiration. Harvest yields are 20-50% higher. Dissolved oxygen 29 ppm compared to 7.5 with venturi aeration and 2 ppm with normal air stones. After installing the nanobubble generator, Big Tex Urban Farms saw 30ppm of DO in their water, resulting in a 24% faster cultivation time to reach their market weight of 6 ounces.
Disinfect fruits, vegetables and swimming pools: Instead of air, we can inject ozone, an unstable, highly reactive form of oxygen. It is 51 times as powerful as chlorine, the oxidizer most commonly used by most pool operators, and 3,000 times as fast at killing bacteria and other microbes. Ozone by itself normally only eliminates 99.99 per cent of bacteria. By combining the gas treatment with nanobubbles, it destroys 99.9999 per cent of E.coli bacteria in a given volume of water. Washing fruit and vegetables with nano bubble enriched water results in a lot less pathogens.
They are Not Visible. With a couple of dish washing drops you can make visible micro bubbles more visible. Will that make more nano bubbles? Probably because they stay alive longer with a lipid cover.
The real reason is that very small micro bubbles will hang around until the gas concentration on the outside is lower then the inner concentration, which makes them shrink.
Smaller bubbles, less chance to burst because the surface tension increases with smaller radii. They contain incredible inner pressures.
The bubble formation is not dependent on the gas used. Nano bubbles are like little batteries of gas floating in the liquid. Do not confuse dissolved gas and nano bubbles.
Nano bubbles will dramatically increase the total amount of gas in a liquid, but not the dissolved amount, which still follows Henry's law. ( A given pressure and temperature results in a defined concentration of dissolved gas in a liquid )
They are negative charged and will move toward anything positive charged and on impact implode, sending out ultrasonic shock waves, dissolving the contained gas immediately.
Water problems start when the nutrients silicate, phosphate and nitrate are available and the temperature raises.
The succession pattern observed was; bacteria (initial colonisers), rapidly followed by a monolayer of adnate diatoms, Cyanophyceae, unicellular Chlorophyceae and multicellular and filamentous Chlorophyceae.
1. Aerobic Bacteria consume nutrients and produce carbon dioxide.
2. Diatoms turn carbon dioxide into organic carbon and, in the process, generate oxygen and consume silica. They are zooplanctons' food.
3. Filamentous blue-green algae consumes carbon dioxide and is poisonous to all life in the water.
4. Green algae consumes nutrients via photosynthesis and generates oxygen.
5. Filamentous algae consumes nutrients via photosynthesis and generate oxygen.
If oxygen can get to the lake floor, it mineralizes the nutrients and deactivates them for bacteria.
Having removed the nutrient abundance with a hydroAir system, the underwater species, strengthened with the additional oxygen, are again able to adjust the remaining imbalances of the water. Nearly all this guys are beneficial and they should be kept for autonomous, balanced water quality.
In the present study, H2 involvement in the plant hormone signaling pathway was found first, suggesting that H2 may trigger the ROS scavenging system by regulating the receptor genes of plant hormones related to the stress response, such as ABA, ethylene, SA, and JA. Therefore, we propose that H2 may act as a gaseous bioactive molecule like nitric oxide and ethylene. [Full scientific study here]
General underwater plant response will be similar to the plants above. Irrigation of crops by the use of hydrogen water will likely improve crop resistance to pest and disease leading to substitute for pesticides or reduce the use of pesticides thus it protect environment and improve food security. [Full scientific study here]
You can find more qualified studies on the science page